The Lowlands and Borders Region of Scotland

Edinburgh Castle from Princes Street Gardens

The Borders and Lowlands region of Scotland is a picturesque and historically rich area in the country’s southern part. England borders it to the south and encompasses diverse landscapes, from rolling hills and fertile farmland to rugged coastlines and charming towns.

One of the notable features of the Borders and Lowlands region is its rich history. The area has witnessed significant events throughout the centuries, with various conflicts occurring along the border between Scotland and England. This turbulent past is reflected in the numerous castles, abbeys, and historic sites that can be found throughout the region. Some of the notable attractions include Melrose Abbey, Jedburgh Abbey, and Traquair House.

Nature lovers will find plenty to explore in the Borders and Lowlands as well. The region is home to several nature reserves and parks, offering opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting. The Southern Upland Way, Scotland’s longest walking trail, passes through this region, providing breathtaking views of the countryside.

In this post, I will cover some of the major points of interest in this region


Edinburgh is a must-visit city when exploring the Borders and Lowlands. It is the capital of Scotland and home to iconic landmarks such as Edinburgh Castle, the Royal Mile, and the historic Palace of Holyroodhouse.Along the Royal Mile, you can visit several interesting places such as the Real Mary King’s Close, which shows what life was like in Edinburgh several hundred years ago. You can also go to Greyfriar’s Kirk, where scenes from Harry Potter were filmed, and it is said that JK Rowling used names from gravestones in the cemetery for her characters. There is also St. Giles’ Cathedral, where John Knox preached and Queen Elizabeth lie in state after her passing in 2023. There are also several museums including the Scottish National Gallery, and the Royal Yacht Britannia in Leith Harbor.


This charming town is known for its stunning abbey, Melrose Abbey. The ruins of this medieval abbey are a remarkable sight to behold and offer insight into the region’s rich history. The Abbey was founded in 1136 by Cistercian monks under the patronage of King David I of Scotland, who also founded Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh.

The heart of Robert the Bruce is said to be buried at Melrose Abbey and a stone marks the spot in the Abbey.

The town itself is also picturesque, with quaint streets and local shops to explore.


Another famous Abbey in this area is Jedburgh Abbey. This Abbey also dates back to the 12th century. 


If you are not too tired of ancient abbey ruins then Kelso is another place to stop. Located near the River Tweed, there is also Floors Castle here to visit. And the River Tweed is an excellent place to go flyfishing.


Nestled in the Tweed Valley, Peebles is a picturesque town renowned for its natural beauty. It offers a variety of outdoor activities, including walking trails along the River Tweed, cycling routes, and opportunities for fishing and golfing. Don’t miss the enchanting Neidpath Castle, which overlooks the river.

St Abb's Head

For nature lovers, a visit to St Abb’s Head National Nature Reserve is highly recommended. This stunning coastal reserve boasts dramatic cliffs, diverse bird species, and breathtaking views. Take a walk along the coastal paths and enjoy the tranquility of this untouched natural environment.

Traquair House

Situated near Innerleithen, Traquair House is one of Scotland’s oldest inhabited houses. This majestic mansion offers guided tours where you can learn about its fascinating history and explore its beautiful grounds and gardens.


Located in the southwest of the region, Dumfries is a vibrant town with a rich literary heritage. It was the home of renowned poet Robert Burns, and you can visit his former residence, the Robert Burns House, which is now a museum dedicated to his life and works.

Hadrian's Wall

Built by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD, Hadrian’s Wall stretches approximately 73 miles (117 kilometers) across the rugged countryside. It was constructed as a defensive fortification to mark the boundary between Roman Britain and the unconquered lands to the north, which were predominantly inhabited by various Celtic tribes. At some points, the wall is wide enough that a carriage could travel on top of the wall. 

One notable location along Hadrian’s Wall in the Borders and Lowlands region is the Roman Fort of Vindolanda. Situated near the town of Bardon Mill, this archaeological site provides a fascinating insight into Roman military life. Excavations have uncovered a wealth of artifacts, including writing tablets that provide valuable information about the daily lives of the soldiers stationed there.

Getting to this region is easy. There are flights from major US International airports to Edinburgh and Glasgow daily. Or, you can fly to London and take a train to Edinburgh. The train takes about 4 hours, but you will travel through this region on your trip.

All it takes to get you on your way is to schedule a meeting with me to talk about your plans.


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